Comércio internacional espera render US$ 19 trilhões em 2019
21-01-2020 11:54:26 (136 acessos)
Primeiros números do comércio internacional indicam que deve obter rendimento da ordem de 2,4% no ano de 2019. Número não é considerado bom pela conferência das Nações Unidas para o Comércio e Desenvolvimento (UNCTAD), pois em 2018 já vinha de ganhos consideráveis que somaram 9,7%. No ano anterior já registrara 10,7%. No segmento de serviços também foi razoável a conquista de 2,7% acentuando desaceleração em 2018, com o registro de 7,7%.

De acordo com o 2019 Handbook of Statistics, a real global economic output (gross domestic product) is now expected to grow by 2.3% this year, 0.7 percentage points less than last year.

"We see consistency across a range of indicators – the global economy is slowing," said Steve MacFeely, UNCTAD’s chief statistician.

Last year, world merchandise trade increased by 2.3% in volume terms. The 9.7% increase in values could to a large extent be attributed to changes in prices. For example, fuel prices recorded substantial growth, year-on-year, during all the months of 2018, a trend that was reversed at the beginning of 2019, as UNCTAD's free market commodity price index shows.

Maritime transport lost momentum in 2018. World seaborne trade volumes rose by only 2.7%, compared with 4.7% in 2017, and port container traffic grew by 4.7%, two percentage points less than the year before.

UNCTAD's 2019 Handbook of Statistics depicts these and other major trends in statistics relevant to international trade and development, summarizing the broad spectrum of statistics maintained in the online database UNCTADstat.

"The handbook is designed to supply a broad range of users, from all regions of the world and working in different domains, be they policymakers, businesses, researchers, journalists or the person on the street who is interested in global economic and social affairs, with high-quality, impartial and easily readable information on latest trends and patterns," Mr. MacFeely said.

The handbook boasts numerous maps, figures, infographics and tables, accompanied by descriptive text, all of which reveal interesting, sometimes curious, recent developments, such as foreign direct investment from the US turning into negative in 2018.

It also shows the rising merchandise trade deficit of the developed economies as a group since 2016 and a growing spread of the world supply of manufactured goods by exporting economies over the last two years.

The 2019 edition also extends to new domains, such as statistics on port calls and the time ships spent on ports.

In parallel to the printed document, UNCTAD has released a web-ready version of the report and updated factsheets of the main themes covered by the report.

 

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