Holanda e Suiça lideram e-commerce em 2019
03-01-2020 22:48:59 (191 acessos)
Pelo segundo ano consecutivo a Holanda (agora com nome de Países Baixos) lidera os negócios de e-commerce. Está seguida pela Suíça, na classificação da UNCTAD (Conferência das Nações Unidas para Comércio e Desenvolvimento). Maior destaque na relação é a Europa que lidera com 8 países num bloco de 10, classificados entre 152. Singapura que ocupa o terceiro lugar e Austrália, o décimo, são os países não europeus que lideram a lista.

 

 

 

No conjunto, o comércio eletrônico vinha se sucedendo com números impressionantes. Em 2017 chegou ao total de US$ 3,9 trilhões, mas em 2019 tem estimativa de 22% acima.

Conquistas assim foram obtidas com o crescimento da qualidade da internet em termos de tecnologia e segurança, o bom desempenho do serviço de correios pelo mundo, avanços nos sistemas de comunicação móbile e o apoio de instituições financeiras.

São da Ásia os 10 países que conseguiram maior performance no comércio internacional, abastecendo uma demanda cada vez maior. Países desenvolvidos ocupam as 18 melhores posições no comércio digital, entre os 20 apontados pela Organização do Comércio.

 

 

Changes in the 2019 rankings

The 2019 edition of the index includes some notable changes from the previous year.

Iceland, New Zealand and Sweden dropped out of the top 10 list due to a decrease in their scores for secure servers and postal reliability (Iceland’s performance was particularly hampered by this indicator). Sweden also saw a drop in the portion of its population using the internet.

The three nations were replaced by Finland (jumping from 12th to fourth), Germany (bouncing from 16th to ninth) and Australia (moving from 11th to 10th).

Regarding the list of the top 10 developing economies, the main change was Chile’s fall from the group. The South American nation was replaced by Qatar, which rose in the ranks thanks to the increase of internet use in the country – practically the entire nation (99.7% of the population) is now online, according to data from the transport and communications ministry.

Despite Chile’s fall in the index, it held on to its top spot among countries from Latin America and the Caribbean. Mauritius achieved the best score in sub-Saharan Africa. And Belarus got the highest marks among transition economies.

Need for better statistics

UNCTAD’s index also highlights the need to improve the reliability and availability of statistics, especially in developing countries.

For example, internet user data for 2018 were available for less than half of the countries at the time of index calculations. And the latest data on bank and mobile-money accounts are from 2017.

“Typically, countries that are the least prepared for the digital economy also have the least amount of statistical information to help their policymakers make well-informed decisions,” Ms. Sirimanne said.

This year’s index was released at the opening of the first meeting of UNCTAD’s working group on measuring e-commerce and the digital economy on 3 December in Geneva, Switzerland.

The new group will meet annually to discuss the data lacunas and identify means for improving the availability of relevant statistics, particularly in developing countries.

Over 40 countries are represented at the two-day gathering. The more than 100 participants include statistical experts, government officials and representatives from international organizations such as the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Universal Postal Union (UPU) and Eurostat.

The group will present the outcome of its discussions to UNCTAD’s Intergovernmental Group of Experts on E-Commerce and the Digital Economy, held each year during eCommerce Week in Geneva, Switzerland. The next edition is slated for 27 April to 1 May 2020.

eTrade readiness assessments

To help least developed countries improve their scores, UNCTAD is working with their governments to identify the main challenges and how to address them by conducting rapid eTrade readiness assessments.

Since 2016, UNCTAD has completed 20 such assessments. Thanks to the support of Germany, the Enhanced Integrated Framework and the International Islamic Trade Finance Corporation, additional diagnoses are in the pipeline, and more are earmarked for 2020.

 

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